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Livestock Facilities

Looking for an effective loading ramp or crowd pen? A cattle corral that reduces cattle stress? Examine facilities which owe their effectiveness to their designers' careful attention to the needs of both cattle and producers.

Topics:
Beef Cattle Housing - General
Cattle Races and Corrals
Chutes and Loading Ramps
Calf Housing
Background Housing
Feeding Facilities
Fencing
Energy Efficiency

General Beef Cattle Housing

Beef Cattle Housing and Feedlot Facilities
Saskatchewan Agriculture and Food
General requirements for cattle housing and feedlot facilities, including requirements for confinement pens, water, feedbunks, and bedding.

Cattle Races and Corrals

Cattle Handling Systems and Layout of Cattle Corrals
Temple Grandin, Colorado State University
A factsheet offering practical tips on improving cattle handling systems. It offers design principles based on cattle behaviour, and features layouts of sample cattle corrals.

Designs of Sample Cattle Races
Temple Grandin, Colorado State University
Curved chutes and round crowd pens work better than straight ones, because their design accommodates the innate behaviour of cattle. This factsheet offers sample designs for ideal races and corrals.

Fencing and Corral Costs
Alberta Agriculture and Food
The material and construction costs for a typical feedlot and corral.

Chutes and Loading Ramps

V-Chute with One-way Gate
Grandin Livestock Systems
The V-chute is ideal for feedlots and ranches with a variety of large cattle and calves. Included are detailed cross-section plans for the V-chute.

One-way Gate for V-Chute
Grandin Livestock Systems
Blueprints for the one-way gate designed to accompany the V-chute. Detailed schematic design complete with specifications.

Loading Chute and Catwalk: Sideview
Grandin Livestock Systems
Detailed blueprints for a loading ramp designed for maximum effectiveness. The prints offer sideview dimensions of the chute and catwalk.

Loading Chute and Catwalk: Cross-section
Grandin Livestock Systems
Blueprints for a chute and catwalk showing cross-section dimensions.

Loading Chute and Catwalk: Top View
Grandin Livestock Systems
Blueprints offering a top view of the chute and catwalk.

Calf Housing

Basics of Calf Housing
Dr. Jim Quigley, calfnotes.com
There are almost as many ways to house calves as there are farms in the world, says veterinarian Jim Quigley. In this factsheet, Quigley outlines the different types of housing, and their advantages and disadvantages.

Housing Method Influences Calf Health and Behaviour
Dr. Jim Quigley, calfnotes.com
Methods of calf housing can affect calf behaviour, health and production later in life.

Background Housing

Housing Requirements for Backgrounding Cattle
Harold K. House, Engineer, Beef and Dairy Structures and Equipment, Ontario Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs
Determine the amount of housing space needed for backgrounding cattle, and the amount needed for feeders and water. Ventiliation and manure handling is also covered.

Feeding Facilities

Beef Cattle Feeding Systems
Saskatchewan Agriculture and Food
A comprehensive factsheet offering info on such subjects as forage system losses, safe handling of large bales, and feed types.

Fencing

Planning Fences Systems for Controlled Grazing
S. Wood, Engineer; S.R. Smith; Forage Specialist; G. E. Grover, Economist; Virginia State University
Controlled grazing can be an economical way to provide forage to grazing animals. But adequate fencing system is necessary - and often a major capital investment. Therefore the fencing layout should be carefully planned to save time and money. (PDF)

Estimating Beef Cattle Fencing Costs
British Columbia Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Fisheries
Costs for six non-electric and two electric fence designs. (PDF)

Portable Windbreak Fences
Alberta Agriculture and Food
In recent years there has been renewed interest in an old idea: the use of portable windbreak fencing. Read about the advantages and disadvantages of this equipment.

Energy Efficiency

Improving Energy Efficiency in Livestock Facilities
Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs
Boost energy effiency in facilities by improving ventilation, insulation, moisture control, rodent control, and constuction techniques.

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