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Grazing

The management of pasture and rangeland has become an environmental issue in this age of climate change and flagging biodiversity. By observing proper grazing practices, producers allow the land to reach its full potential as a storehouse of greenhouse gases, and as a resource for native plants, fish and wildlife.

Topics:
Grazing and Biodiversity
Grasslands and Carbon Sequestration
Grazing in Forested Areas
Grazing and Riparian Areas

Grazing and Biodiversity

Is There a Role for Biodiversity in Temperate Pastures?
Matt A. Sanderson, U.S. Department of Agriculture - ARS, Pasture Systems and Watershed Management Research Unit
Biodiversity plays a role in the proper functioning of temperate pasture ecosystems. This paper also answers the "perhaps more relevant" question: can biodiversity be "managed" to influence the ecosystem in order to benefit both producers and farmers? (PDF)

Ten Questions about Pastures and Diversity
Matt A. Sanderson, U.S. Department of Agriculture - ARS, Pasture Systems and Watershed Management Research Unit
Can pastures be managed for biodiversity? How can biodiversity affect pasture production? Are there new forage species available for use in diversifying pastures?A pasture research scientists answers these questions and others in this Q&A factsheet. (PDF)

Managing Crested Wheatgrass in Native Prairie
Saskatchewan Watershed Authority
Crested wheatgrass has become an environmental problem in native prarie lands. Learn how to manage this species of grass to prevent its spread. (PDF)

Managing Smooth Brome in Native Grasslands
Saskatchewan Watershed Authority
Smooth Brome Grass reduces the biodiversity, carrying capacity, habitat, and the aesthetics of the prairie ecosystem. (PDF)

Grasslands and Carbon Sequestration

Can Grasslands be Managed as CO2 Sinks?
Vern Baron, Forage Physiologist-Agronomist, Lacombe Research Station, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
Grasslands can be managed in specific ways to enhance their ability to absorb carbon dioxide but, according to this report, there are "weak points which must be overcome." (PDF)

Some Points about Carbon Sequestration in Tame Forage Crops
Vern Baron, Forage Physiologist-Agronomist, Agriculture and Agri Food Canada
Important points to consider for maximizing the potential of crops to sequester carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas. (PDF)

Pasture Lands Help Balance Greenhouse Gas Emissions
Canadian Cattlemen's Association; Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
Range and tame pastures -- especially pasture along water courses -- can sequester more carbon they emit. But the areas, as this factsheet points out, are vulnerable to damage by livestock. (PDF)

Rotational Grazing: Lower Methane Emissions and Increased Profits for Producers
Canadian Cattlemen's Association; Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
Almost any rotational grazing system will boost the health and productivity of grassland, improve feed efficency and beef production, and reduce the amount if methane released to the atmosphere. (PDF)

The Science of Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Grazing Management Strategies: A Report
Canadian Cattlemen's Association
This report summarizes research findings on ways to mitigate the beef industry's greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. It delves into sources of emmissions, offering a breakdown of the emissions of such things as manure and digestive fermentation, but also offers a summary of grazing practices and choices that have proven effective in reducing GHG emissions. (PDF)

Well-Managed Rangeland Helps Sequester Greenhouse Gases
Canadian Cattlemen's Association; Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
Rotational grazing techniques to boost pasture productivity and reduce greenhouse gases. (PDF)

The Give and Take of Carbon Sequestration
Canadian Cattlemen's Association; Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
One major way to mitigate greenhouse gases is through better management of crop and pasture lands. Forage and crop stands both soak up and release large quantities of carbon, a major greenhouse gas, and by preventing the overgrazing of pasture, the natural ebb and flow of carbon between pasture and the atmosphere can achieve better balance. (PDF)

Grazing in Forested Areas

Grazing Forested Rangeland
Saskatchewan Agriculture and Food
Methods and criteria for determining the level of cattle grazing in forested areas, so crucial for wildlife species and for water and soil quality.

Grazing and Riparian Areas

Economics of Riparian Grazing Management
Alberta Agriculture & Food
The environmental and economic payoffs of maintaining pasture next to streams and lakes, known as riparian areas.

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