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Water

Certain livestock practices, if not managed effectively, put surface and groundwater at risk - especially unfettered access of livestock to waterbodies. Manure and fertilizer buildup near wells also puts water resources at risk, since wells are often conduits to aquifers.

Topics:
Erosion
Water Pollution Risk
Surface and Groundwater Protection
Livestock Watering
Riparian Areas
Water Testing

Erosion

Water Erosion Risk in Alberta Agricultural Areas
Alberta Agriculture and Food
A map displaying the risk of erosion across the province of Alberta.

Method for Reducing Erosion
Alberta Agriculture and Food
The Water Erosion Prediction Project is a "powerful tool which uses the latest scientific findings in water erosion prediction technology." It can help producers come up with grazing managment strategies that limit erosion, and can be applied to any landscape, soil, climate or management condition around the world.

Water Pollution Risk

Surface Water Quality Risk for Agricultural Alberta
Alberta Agriculture and Food
A map showing the Alberta government's assessment of the risk of surfacewater pollution in agricultural Alberta.

Groundwater Quality Risk for Agricultural Alberta
Alberta Agriculture and Food
A map displaying the risk of groundwater pollution in agricultural areas of the province.

Aquifer Vulnerability Index for Alberta
Alberta Agriculture and Food
A method for assessing the vulnerability of aquifers to such surface contaminants as manure.

Ground and Surface Water Protection

Groundwater Protection
Alberta Agriculture and Food
Methods of protecting groundwater from manure and pesticide contamination.

Riparian Areas

Stewardship of Cattle Wintering Sites Along Waterways
Saskatchewan Agriculture and Food
Those cattle wintering sites located along the riparian areas of rivers and streams can impact water quality due to the high concentration of cattle. There are ways, however, to significantly reduce your impact on waterways. (1.1 MB PDF)

Riparian Grazing Management
Alberta Agriculture & Food
The environmental and economic payoffs of maintaining pasture next to streams and lakes, known as riparian areas.

Riparian Plants in Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan Agriculture and Food
A guide to plants found along rivers and streams in Saskatchewan. (1.79 MB PDF)

Health of Riparian Areas in Southern Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan Agriculture and Food
The Saskatchewan Watershed Authority has found that 33 per cent of the province's riparian areas along flowing steams and rivers are unhealthy, while 50 are healthy with problems. This factsheet explains the state of the riparian areas in the southern part of the province, and how producers can improve riparian health.

Livestock Watering

Watering Livestock from Water Courses
British Columbia Ministry of Agriculture and Lands
A factsheet on the impact of watering livestock at water bodies. It offers easy solutions to reduce this impact, such as a fencing arrangement restricting livestock access to both streams and ponds. (PDF)

Improved Livestock Access to Water Using Geosynthetics and Gravel
British Columbia Ministry of Agriculture and Lands
In order to prevent erosion, gravel is often placed over the mud along the edges of streams and ponds, but it often causes just as much erosion. According to this factsheet, though, placing materials called geosynthetics between the mud and gravel has proven effective. (PDF)

Offstream Watering to Reduce Livestock Use of Watercourses
British Columbia Ministry of Agriculture and Lands
A project designed to test the benefits and feasibility of watering stations located away from water courses that are not fenced. A number of watering systems were used in the project, which was conducted from 1998 to 2000. (PDF)

Water Testing

Water Testing Contacts - Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan Agriculture and Food
Water testing and management information for farm wells and dugouts in Saskatchewan.

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