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Winter Feeding

High winter feeding costs have put beef cattle producers in Western Canada at an economic disadvantage compared to producers in other regions of North America. However, there are ways to reduce this cost, such as through the more efficient management of manure nutrients.

Topics:
Managing Manure to Reduce Costs
Feeding Equipment
Watering Equipment

Managing Manure to Reduce Costs

Effect of Winter Feeding Systems on Beef Performance
Bart Lardner, Western Beef Development Centre
Today fewer producers winter fewer cows in drylot systems where cows are kept in pens and manure is hauled out. More often, they winter cows on field feed sites where manure is distributed over the site. This results in lower costs thanks to more efficient use of nutrients for pasture growth. (PDF)

Winter Feeding Beef Cows: Feed Waste and Feed Site Production
Bart Lardner, Western Beef Development Centre
This study found wintering cows in feeding fields reduces the costs of winter feeding, mainly because of the capture of nutrients for pasture growth. (PDF)

Winter Feeding Beef Cows: Managing Manure Nutrients
Bart Lardner, Western Beef Development Centre
In this study, the cost of raising cows in field feeding sites was once again found to be lower than the cost of wintering cows in drylot pens. (PDF)

Stewardship and Management of Cattle Wintering Sites
Saskatchewan Watershed Authority
Managing winter sites -- shelter, feed, and water --- to protect groundwater, manage manure, among other things. (Large PDF - 35.09 MB)

Feeding Equipment

Checklist for Bale Processors
Alberta Agriculture and Food
A seven-point checklist of considerations when choosing a model of bale processor.

Watering Equipment

Selecting Flow-Through Rates to Frost-Proof Water Troughs
British Columbia Ministry of Agriculture and Lands
Various ways to frost-proof water troughs in winter.

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