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Alternative Feeds

Cheaper and, in some cases, more effective, alternatives to conventional cattle feeds are emerging. There are run-of-the mill alternatives, such as corn stover and straw, but also newer, less-conventional ones, such as feeds derived from industry processes. One current example is the distiller grain produced by the ethanol industry.

Topics:
Biofuel By-Products as Feed
Alternative Feeds
Feedstuffs and Feed Practices for Drought Conditions

Biofuel By-Products as Feed

Question & Answer: Impact of Ethanol and Biofuel Production on Beef Industry
VIDO Beef Tech Group and John McKinnon, Saskatchewan Beef Industry Chair and Professor, University of Saskatchewan
A VIDO Beef Tech Group discussion with beef specialist John McKinnon about the effects of ethanol on the beef industry. Dr. MacKinnon gives thorough and apolitical answers to questions likely to be of interest to producers, especially those wondering how the ethanol industry will affect them. (PDF)

Comparison of Wheat-based DDGS to Barley as an Energy Source for Backgrounding Cattle
J.J. McKinnon and A. Walker, University of Saskatchewan
A study evaluating the feeding value of wheat-based DDGS as a replacement to barley in low-cost backgrounding rations. (PDF)

Biofuels and the Canadian Beef Industry
Canadian Cattlemen's Association, August 2007
A full report on the impact of biofuels on the Canadian Beef Industry, including the use and productivity of feed grain.

By-Products of Ethanol Fuel Production as Feeds
Manitoba Agriculture, Food and Rural Initiatives
An overview of the use of distiller's grains as cattle feed, including an analysis of its chemical composition and nutritional benefits.

Using Ethanol By-Products as Cattle Feed
John McKinnon, Renee Beliveau and Vern Racz, Dept. of Animal & Poultry Science and Prairie Feed Resource Centre, University of Saskatchewan
This scientific study found that wheat-based distiller's grains - byproducts of the growing ethanol industry - is an "excellent" feed for growing and finishing cattle. There are some drawbacks, however, including elevated phosphorus levels in the diet. (PDF)

Alternative Feeds

Alternative Feeds for Beef Cattle
Manitoba Agriculture, Food and Rural Initiatives
How nutritious are alternative feeds like straw and corn stover?

Supplementing Straw and Chaff to Beef Cows
Alberta Agriculture and Food
Straw and chaff residues provide a cheaper feed alternative for cows that have finished growing and are in good body condition.

Straw as an Alternative Roughage Source for Wintering Beef Cows
Manitoba Agriculture, Food and Rural Initiatives
When hay supplies are low, straw offers an alternative roughage source for beef cows, provided energy, protein, and other nutrient needs are met.

Turn Corn Stover into Low-Cost Pasture
Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs
Corn stover can provide an inexpensive feed source for mid-gestation beef cows.

Canola Screenings for Growing Steers
Manitoba Agriculture, Food and Rural Initiatives
While oilseed screenings are available as cattle feed, their usage should be limited due to their high fat content.

Utilizing Grass Seed Residues for Wintering Beef Cattle
Alberta Agriculture and Food
An analysis of the use of crop residues from the grass seed industry as feed for wintering cattle.

Brassica Crops for Hay and Silage (Canola and Mustard)
Saskatchewan Agriculture and Food
"Canola and Mustard can be fed to cattle provided certain precautions are taken".

Variation in Nutritional Value of Western Canadian Feed Ingredients
Manitoba Agriculture, Food and Rural Initiatives
According to this study, the nutrient quality of Western Canadian feeds varies to a large degree.

Feeding in Drought Conditions

Feeding in Dry Conditions
Saskatchewan Agriculture and Food
Alternative feedstuffs and feed practices to consider when regular feedstuffs become unavailable due to drought.

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